Biography of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto:- He graduated from universities in England and the United States. In 1953 he returned to Pakistan to practice as an attorney and law professor. In 1957 he was appointed ambassador of his country to the UN, from which he entered politics: he was Minister of Commerce (1958), parliamentary spokesman of the Muslim League (1962) and minister of Foreign Affairs (1963). His policy in this position was aimed at increasing the independence of Pakistan from the Western powers, approaching Mao Zedong’s China; Resigned in protest of the Treaty of Tashkent (1966), which ended the Indo-Pakistani conflict over Kashmir.
Biography of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto
- Born:- 5 January 1928, Larkana
- Died:- 4 April 1979, Rawalpindi
- Education:- University of Southern California
- Spouse:- Nusrat Bhutto (m. 1951–1979), Shireen Amir Begum (m. 1943–1945)
- Parents:- Shah Nawaz Bhutto, Khursheed Begum Bhutto
- Books:- “If I am assassinated”, The myth of independence,
Since then he has been leading the opposition to the Ayub Khan regime since his new Party of the People of Pakistan (1967). He was imprisoned for his denunciations against the dictatorship in 1968, but regained his freedom following the 1969 Aga Yahya Kan coup; this one appointed to him prime minister and minister of Foreign Affairs (1971).
After the civil war that led to the secession of East Pakistan (now Bangla Desh) due to India’s military victory over Pakistan, Aga Yahya Kan resigned and Bhutto became the first civilian president of the Republic (1971-73); After introducing changes in the Constitution, that transferred the effective power of the President of the Republic to the Prime Minister, Bhutto happened to occupy this last position (1973). It exercised an authoritarian government (always under martial law), but popular among the masses, based on the Islamization of the country, nationalizations and taxation of large estates
In 1977 he was overthrown by another coup, General Zia Ul-Haq. He was sentenced to death in 1978 on charges of murdering political opponents. His daughter, Benazir Bhutto (1953), succeeded him to the front of the PPP and of the opposition to the dictatorship (Movement for the Restoration of the Democracy); became prime minister in 1988-90 and again in 1993-96, becoming the first woman to reach the maximum political power in a Muslim country.