Biography of Vladimir Putin:- Russian politician born on October 7, 1952 in Leningrad (St. Petersburg since 1 October 1991). He graduated in law from the University of Leningrad, where he was the student of the mayor of the city, Anatoli Sobchak. In 1975 Vladimir Putin began his professional life in the Directorate of Foreign Intelligence of the State Security Committee (KGB) in the former USSR, where he reached the rank of lieutenant general. According to his résumé, he worked in Germany during the 1970s, but has also been speculated after being appointed head of the Federal Security Service (SFS), which belonged to the internal dissident services, the KGB’s fifth board.
Biography of Vladimir Putin
- Born:- 7 October 1952 (age 64), Saint Petersburg, Russia
- Full Name:- Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin
- Spouse:- Lyudmila Putina (m. 1983–2014)
- Previous Offices:- Prime Minister of Russia (2008–2012),
- Children:- Yekaterina Putina, Mariya Putina
On his return from Germany, Putin settled again in Leningrad where he held the position of deputy vice-rector of international relations at the University of this City. After the fall of the Berlin Wall and the collapse of the USSR, Vladimir Putin began to deal with issues of municipal policy in his hometown, in the period when he was mayor of Leningrad Anatoly Sobchak, considered very liberal and with a huge Popularity then.
In 1990 he was an advisor to the President of the Leningrad Municipal Council. Immersed in municipal tasks, Vladimir Putin came into contact with Anatoli Chubais, “father” of privatization and responsible for the Russian economy. Sobchak and Chubais were two very active characters in Russia since the collapse of the Soviet Union, and Putin’s introduction to politics came at the hands of both.
From 1991 to 1996 he served as chair of the Committee for International Relations of the City of St. Petersburg, a post he shared with the first vice-president of the city of St. Petersburg (deputy mayor) in 1994. In 1995 he led the electoral campaign of the regional party Our House Russia, led by former Prime Minister Viktor Chernomirdin. He also led the campaign for re-election to Sobchak’s St. Petersburg mayoralty, but resigned after his defeat at the latter’s polls.
After his resignation, Putin moved to Moscow, where in the following years he held positions close to President Boris Yeltsin. In a few months he was appointed Deputy Director of the Administrative and Technical Service of the President of the Russian Federation, since he occupied during 1996 and 1997; Head of the General Directorate of Inspections of the President and Deputy Chief of the Cabinet of the Presidency in 1997 and 1998. In that same year he ascended to First Deputy Chief of the Presidency.
In July 1998 he was appointed Director of the Federal Security Service (SFS), the most important of the four branches in which the KGB was divided and heiress of political police functions. As of March 1999 Putin shared this position with Secretary of the Security Council.
On August 9, 1999, Boris Yeltsin appointed Putin as prime minister to replace Sergei Stephasin, who had only been in office for three months. Putin was the third consecutive prime minister of the Russian Federation that belonged to the secret services, after Yevgueni Primakov, head of the foreign espionage service. Sergei Stephasin and Putin are practically exact copies: members of the KGB and heads of the later SFS, the two are from St. Petersburg and almost the same age (46 and 47 respectively).
Vladimir Putin is considered an unconditional of the Russian president and his loyalty to Yeltsin is absolute. He is one of the nine Kremlin characters that make up the so-called “Family,” referring to the circle close to Yeltsin, which includes the wife of the president and his daughter, the head of the presidential administration Alexander Voloshin, former journalist Valentin Yumashev, Kremlin spokesman Dmitri Yakushkin, Anatoli Chubais, and financiers Boris Berezovsky and Roman Ambramovich.
Putin is described as hard and possessing a dictatorial character that would make him proclaim without scruples the state of emergency by the conflict in the Caucasus. Yeltsin relied on him as the only one capable of confronting the constituency formed on August 4 by Our Fatherland, Moscow Mayor Yuri Luzhkov, and the All Russia regional group led by Tatarstan’s president Simile and The new governor of St. Petersburg, Yakólev. This electoral bloc was presented to the December 1999 legislative elections with former Prime Minister Primakov leading the coalition, at a time when it enjoyed great popularity and its chances of winning were real.
Putin was thus the most suitable man to fight the All-Russia-Our-Nation coalition and to eliminate the other important electoral rival, the Communist Party. So it was. On December 19, 1999, Putin won the legislative elections held in Russia. But the real hit of this strong man of the Kremlin was to come. On December 31, 1999, Boris Yeltsin presented his resignation as president of Russia during the year-end address to the nation, and Putin, appointed by the designator president Boris Yeltsin as his favorite for succession in the Kremlin, took office the head of the State and the Armed Forces. The new president of Russia said the same day before the cameras of the Russian television the following: “Today I have been assigned the functions of head of State. I want to emphasize that not for a minute in the country there has been and will not be a power vacuum and the authorities will cut off any attempt to break the Russian law and constitution. “In March 2000 he legitimized his power in the polls and in 2004 he won re-election.
During his presidency there were high rates of economic growth, with a 72% increase in GDP and a 50% decrease in poverty. His government enjoyed high popularity ratings, being reelected for its second period, with 71.31% of the votes in favor, nevertheless; due to the restrictions of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, could not run for a third consecutive term, which supported the candidacy of Dmitry Medvedev for the presidency, who won the Russian presidential election of 2008, and appointed Putin himself as Prime Minister of Russia. Putin is also President of the United State of Russia and Belarus , having assumed that position on 7 May 2008.
Candidate for United Russia in the Russian presidential election of 2012 for a third term, on March 4, 2012 achieved victory in first round ahead of the leader of the Russian Communist Party, Gennady Zyuganov , ultranationalist Vladimir Yirinovski and billionaire Mikhail Prokhorov .
Vladimir Putin has been reluctant to appear in public and give interviews, which, coupled with his past as a spy for the KGB, makes little known about him. With largely contradictory doses of defense of democracy and freedoms, overt authoritarianism, support for the market economy and directed economy and exaltation of nationalist and military values, Putin has gotten into much of the Russian population in the pocket.
Vladimir Putin Family and Personal Life
He married to a school teacher, father of two children: Maria and Yekaterina. He enjoys practicing sports, especially fighting. Russian President Vladimir Putin has been extremely secretive about photos, filming or any information about his most private core: his two daughters.
Already in 2012 the US newspaper The New York Times warned his readers of “almost impenetrable secrecy” of Putin. “The more rules Russia, the discussion about his family seems to be increasingly taboo”, noted the newspaper. In fact, Russian journalists say it is easier to report on national security issues than Putin’s family.
When the president took part documentary filmmaker Hubert Seipel German Ich, Putin, 2012, his family life was out of the question. As he did in the film, Putin told a news conference on December 17 that behind his silence lays the safety of his two daughters, who are thought to be approaching 30.
“I’ve never discussed exactly where my daughters work, what they do and not try to do now, for many reasons, including a security issue , ” he said.
“Overall, I think that everyone is entitled to their own destiny. They never were daughters of a celebrity, never gave them pleasure to be the center of attention and are simply living their own lives , ” he added.
According to an investigation by the Reuters news agency, published on November 10, her youngest daughter, Katerina, is a successful academic who works at Moscow State University and participates in acrobatic rock and roll competitions.
In August 2015, Putin allowed his session in the gym with Prime Minister Dmitry Medvedev was filmed. Reuters said after obtaining confirmation from a senior Russian official that Katerina used the surname Tikhonova. A day after the Reuters report was released, Putin spokesman Dmitry Peskov questioned the investigation. “About who is the daughter of Putin, I cannot tell you anything because I have neither the information nor are supposed to be having. It’s not part of my administrative functions, “Peskov said, according to Russian news agency TASS. At Putin’s press conference on December 17, a reporter asked for Katerina Tikhonova and the Reuters report.
“I read different things at different times. A short time ago everyone said that my daughters were studying abroad and living permanently outside. Thank God, no one writes about it now. They are now saying that – and this is true – live in Russia and has never left the country to live permanently. They have always studied in Russia, “he said.
Man of tradition
According to one of the editors of the Russian service of the BBC, Family Ismailov, there are two reasons why little is known about Putin’s inner core. “One is personal and the other cultural,” he told BBC World. Putin regularly attends the ceremonies of the Russian Orthodox Church. “Putin is a very private man. He was a KGB agent (…) and that experience taught him to shut his private life”. “He presents himself as a person with conservative Russian values and as a defender of them … He is also becoming more and more religious, he is seen crossing himself and attending religious ceremonies. The Orthodox Church is perceived as one of the basis of the Russian historical legacy. ”
In that context, says Ismailov, his friendship with former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi is striking.
Putin’s eldest daughter is named Maria and is an academic who has specialized in endocrinology. The mother of his two daughters, Lyudmila, Putin once described as a workaholic. After 30 years of marriage, the couple announced in June 2013 that they were divorcing. Before the television cameras, Putin said: “It was a joint decision: we hardly see each other, each has his own life.” Lyudmila, who is known to dislike public attention, said it was difficult to travel by plane and that Putin was “completely drowned in work.”
The divorce was “civilized” and the pair “always remain close,” she added the former wife of the leader. After the announcement of the divorce, Putin’s spokesman said there was no other woman in the life of the Russian president. “By simply taking a quick look at Putin’s agenda, it is easy to see that there is no room for family relations in his life. He is full of his responsibilities as head of state,” Peskov said.
In 2008, Putin denied rumors that he had secretly divorced and was planning to marry Olympic gymnastics champion Alina Kabayeva. Back to nature: Putin has cultivated a macho image that attracts many Russians. The athlete was among the six athletes who carried the Olympic torch at the opening ceremony of the Sochi Olympic Winter Games, which were held in 2014.
“One of the reasons that increased the rumors,” recalls Ismailov, “it was what many described as his sudden and rapid rise in the political arena”.
In 2014, the British newspaper The Guardian had reported that Kabayeva, who was MP for the ruling party United Russia for six years, had been appointed to lead one of the main media related to the Kremlin.v