Biography of Rudyard Kipling:- A Narrator and English poet, controversial for his imperialist ideas and is from one of the greatest storytellers of the English language. He belonged to a family of English origin (his father, John Lockwood Kipling, was a painter and superintendent of the Lahore Museum), and spent the early days of his childhood in India. At the age of six he was sent to England, where he studied at United Services College Westward Ho in Devonshire, an environment he later described in the novel Stalky C.
Biography of Rudyard Kipling
- Born:- 30 December 1865, Mumbai, India
- Died:- 18 January 1936, London, United Kingdom
- Poems:- If—, The White Man’s Burden, Gunga Din, My Boy Jack
- Movies:- The Jungle Book, The Jungle Book 2, Jungle Book
Returned to India in 1882, he devoted himself to journalism as deputy director of The Lahore Civil and Military Gazette, and then, between 1887 and 1889, of The Pioneer . At the age of twenty-one he published his first book, Departmental Ditties (1866), a collection of verses of circumstance, and at twenty-two the first volume of narratives, Simple Tales of the Hills (1887), followed in 1888-89 by six : Three soldiers , Under the cedar deodaras , The ghost rickshaw , The history of the Gadsby , Black and white and The little William Winkie .
In such stories, placed in the ambience of Indian life as understood by an Englishman and written in direct and forceful language reminiscent of military jargon, Kipling revealed a keen spirit of observation, inventive ability, and a special ability in describing types Characteristic of officers and boys inspired by the immediate reality. The quick, uncompromising style, the crude, often cynical tone and the crude realism pronounced by St. Crane and Hemingway offer a taste of lived experience, with nuances of anecdote narrated beneath the tents of a camp of soldiers in the course of the long night candles.
After a long journey through Japan and the United States, which he recounted in a series of letters ( Letters of Marque ) published in The Pioneer and later in the two volumes of Sea to Sea (1889), he wrote another series of narrations Indians for The Macmillan’s Magazine , then reunited in Periycies of the life (1891). In England he also published a collection of ballads, Canciones de cuartel (1892), which, along with the following verses of Seven Seas (1896) and The Five Nations (1903), inspired by the epic companies of the Anglo-Saxon and their Faithful sentinels scattered all over the earth,
After having tried without too much success, then he made other long trips to the United States, Australia and South Africa. In 1892 he married Caroline Starr Balestier of New York and settled with her in Battleboro, Vermont, where she lived for four years and composed several works that reveal the American influence, notably that of J. London, in the exaltation of Early Life and Return to Nature: Various Inventions (1893), The Jungle Book (1894), The Second Book of the Jungle (1895) and Intrepid Captains (1897).
In The Book of the Jungle and its continuation presents a mythical animal world, regulated by the iron laws of force, where Mowgli, the human cub, is received fraternally and finds again the traces of an atavistic affinity and sympathy; it is the first masterpiece of all that Kipling wrote for boys. They followed her later . Stories for children (1902) and the delicate legends, full of humor and subtle lyricism, gathered in Puck (1906) and Rewards and fairies (1910).
Returning to England in 1896 after a dispute with his brother-in-law, he finally settled in a town in Surrey, where he remained – except during a trip to America and another to South Africa during the Anglo-Boer War – until his death. In 1907 he obtained the Nobel Prize and in 1926 the gold medal of the Royal Society of Literature.
His last works are collections of stories and diverse texts written on the occasion of the First World War the most important are Debits and Credit (1926) and Limite and Renewals (1932). Kipling’s masterpiece is Kim (1901), in which through the thread of the adventures of a boy offers a classic picture of the most picturesque aspects of India. Just as the poetic production of our author has lost much of his interest because of his excessively declamatory and circumstantial character, in his narrative texts, however, there is still, as Henry James says, “the irresistible magic of the torrid suns, of the subjugated empires, of the wild religions, and of the restless garrisons.