Biography of Mario de Andrade: – Brazilian poet, researcher and critic, outstanding figure of modernism in his country for his innovative and experimental activity. He began his artistic career studying music at the conservatory of Sao Paulo, where he later became a teacher. He then approached literature as an art critic in magazines and newspapers. As a researcher, cultivator and critic he tackled poetry, fiction, music, the fine arts and folklore.
Biography of Mario de Andrade
- Born:- 9 October 1893, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
- Died:- 25 February 1945, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
- Education:- Conservatório Dramático e Musical de São Paulo (1911–1917)
- Literary movement:- Modernism
- Books:- Macunaíma, Paulicéia Desvairada, Hallucinated city. Paulicea desvairada
- Movies:- Macunaíma, Maria Bethania: Brasileirinho, Sambizanga
Mario de Andrade was one of the main animators of what would be a key part of the artistic future of Brazil: the Modern Art Week, held in São Paulo in 1922. He was in charge of the direction of the Department of Culture of the Municipality of São Paulo and of the chair of History and Philosophy of Art at the University of the Federal District in Rio de Janeiro.
His first book, There is a drop of blood in each poem (1917), obeys to stylistic norms, like metric and rhyme, of Parnassian influence; uses poetry as a way of denouncing the horrors of the First World War. Later he broke with the elitist Parnassianism in his collection of poems Pauliceia Desvariada (1922), considered the first book of the modernist movement, and which earned him the nickname “Pope of Brazilian Modernism”. In the prologue, a theoretical manifesto, as confused as it was ardent, in the form of brief phrases, Andrade announced the Desvairismo, a tendency that advocated the complete autonomy of the movement. It is a lyric that picks up obvious influences of Laforgue, in an accumulation of phrases exclamativas, sometimes without verb, creating a sentimental and sarcastic atmosphere at a time.
In Losango Khaki (1926), nationalist preoccupation prevails over aesthetic and poetic reflection. It is a book of ironic military atmosphere, where, for example, the “involuntaries of the fatherland” are sung. Influenced by the avant-garde, his poems show everyday life and describe simple ideas and emotions with an ironic tone. Clá do Jabuti (1927) represents his most nationalistic stage.
In prose they emphasize Amar, Intransitive Word (1927) and Macunaíma (1928). The first is a denunciation of the hypocrisy of the bourgeois class of São Paulo and a psychological analysis of the characters that retakes Freud’s theories and demystifies family relations. Macunaíma, novel where his nationalism is present, breaks with the academic models, reelaborándolos with folkloric elements. From the protagonist, an anti-hero, describes the meeting of the Amazonian Indian with the tradition of European culture in the city of Sao Paulo.