Biography of Mahmoud Abbas: – Mahmoud Abbas a Palestinian politician, president of Palestinian National Authority (PNA). Mahmoud Abbas was born in Safed, a Galilee village in Palestine under a British mandate, which was awarded in 1947 to the State of Israel under the plan of partition of the UN. He was 13 years old when the first Arab-Israeli war (1948) led his family to seek refuge in Syria. In this country he taught as a school teacher, while studying law at the University of Damascus.
Biography of Mahmoud Abbas
- Born:- 26 March 1935 (age 82), Safed, Israel
- Nationality:- Palestinian
- Spouse:- Amina Abbas
- Party:- Fatah
- Prime Minister:- Ahmed Qurei; Nabil Shaath (Acting); Ahmed Qurei; Ismail Haniyeh; Salam Fayyad; Rami Hamdallah
- Residence:- Ramallah
In the late 1950s, in Qatar under British tutelage, he worked in the civil service for refugees and had his first contacts with Al Fatah, a party he entered in 1965 shortly after his armed wing began its activities Against Israel.
In Al Fatah he adopted the battle name of Abu Mazen, which means “father of Mazen” (name of his first born, born in 1960). He was a strong supporter of the party’s integration into the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization), which took place in 1968, after which he became a member of the Palestinian National Council, a Jordanian-based legislative body.
While Yasser Arafat and other Fatah leaders led the incursions of the fedayeen into Israel, which led to terrorist attacks such as that of the Black September terrorist organization at the Munich Olympic Village in 1972, Abbas was in charge of organization and finance Of the party, a fact that subtracted popularity among his companions, mostly dead in the fight against the enemy or between the factions of the both sides.
In 1980, he joined the PLO executive committee, and in 1984, in Tunisia, he headed the organization’s National and International Relations Office. He received his doctorate from the School of Oriental Studies of the Moscow State University in 1982 with a controversial thesis: The other side: the secret relations of Nazism with the Zionist movement.
In the midst of the intifada, Mahmoud Abbas maintained with Israel the secret preparatory contacts for the Madrid Conference (1991), the Oslo Accords (1993) and the Washington Declaration (1993), the document of which was signed by Palestine. In 1995, after 47 years of exile, he returned to his homeland. He obtained a deputy record by Qalqilya (West Bank) in the 1996 elections. Permanent negotiator of the peace negotiations, he held the position of prime minister in the restructuring of Palestinian power carried out in 2003 by international pressures.
In his role of mediator between the various forces and as guarantor of the compromise with Israel that the president of the Palestinian National Authority (PNA), Arafat, did not facilitate, Abbas always carried the sambenito of “traitor” that directed him to the radical sectors . A problem that in 2005, after Arafat’s dark death, was accentuated by Abbas taking over in power, on 9 January 2005: the Western siege of Palestine which followed in 2006 to victory at the Hamas Radical Islamist movement that emerged in 1987 and became a political party in 2005) propitiated Israeli support for Abbas and the Palestinian partition in two territorial entities. Frustrated negotiations between Hamas and Al-Fatah to form an executive of national unity for the sake national benefits, It was Mahmoud Abbas who played a great role in this negotiations. Still in 2017, Mahmoud Abbas is an excellent politician of Palestine, who continuously struggling for Palestine freedom.