Biography of Frederick Augustus Abel | A British Chemist

Biography of Frederick Augustus Abel: – An English chemist, working as a chemist in the ministry of the English War, he studied and improved the procedure for the manufacture of powdered cotton, initiated by the Austrian chemist V. Lenk.

Biography of Frederick Augustus Abel

  • Born:- 17 July 1827, Woolwich, London, United Kingdom
  • Died:-  6 September 1902, London, United Kingdom
  • Known For:-  Cordite
  • Coronation Date:- 1893
  • Education:-  Royal College of Chemistry, University of Westminster

Its main improvement consisted in giving shape to powder cotton and providing it with a stability that facilitated its application in a large number of military uses. The procedure was to reduce cotton to fine pulp once it had been nitrated. The material could then be washed better and acid residues that could cause slow degradation reactions or cause spontaneous inflammation could be avoided; in the state of fine pulp, could also be modeled at will for any type of operations.

Frederick Augustus Abel also built a device to measure the heat strength of petroleum and its derivatives in the flashpoint, which was widely used until the first half of the 20th century, and invented a new type of explosive, the cordite, along with James Dewar. In 1883 he was commissioner in the electrical exhibition of Vienna. He was a chemical adviser to the government, a member of the artillery commission and the Royal Engineers Committee and chairman of the army’s explosives committee.

Among his various technical writings stand out Gun Cotton (1866), Researches on explosives (1875), Electricity as applied to explosive purposes (1884) and a chemistry treaty written in 1858 in collaboration with the chemist compatriot Bloxam.