Biography of Duke of the Abruzzo: – Son of the king of Spain, Amadeo I, and of Dona Maria Victoria of Pozzo Della Cisterna, and cousin of the king Victor Manuel II of Italy, left Spain along with his family, when scarcely counted on one month, for having renounced his father to the throne Spanish. He studied at the Naval Academy of Livorno and made several sea cruises; was also dedicated to mountaineering.
Biography of Duke of the Abruzzo
- Born:- 29 January 1873, Royal Palace of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
- Died:- 18 March 1933, Jowhar, Somalia
- House:- Duke of Aosta
- Burried:- Basilica of Superga, Turin, Italy
- Parents:- Amadeo I of Spain, Maria Vittoria dal Pozzo
He visited Eritrea and traveled around the world between 1893 and 1894. On July 31, 1897, he first climbed Mount St. Elias in Alaska and determined its geological origin and height. Two years later, an expedition to the North Pole led by him, aboard the ship Stella Polare, and captained by Captain Umberto Cagni, reached 86º 33’N, the most northern latitude reached until then. It delimited to the north the Earth of Francisco Jose and demonstrated the non-existence of the Earth of Petermann and the island King Oscar to circumnavigate the island Prince Rodolfo.
In 1906 he set a new milestone by being the first to climb the summit of Mount Ruwenzori in Africa with an expedition of eleven companions, including Cagni and Winspeare of the Italian navy, and doctors Cavalli Molinelli and Rocati. In 1909, Louis Amadeus of Savoy directed an expedition to Karakorum in north-west India, in which he climbed Mount Godwin Austen, or K2, in Kashmir, and established a new world record, reaching the altitude of 7500 m.
The Duke of the Abruzzo lived in Rome and there gave lectures on his trips and the geographical conclusions that had arrived after his explorations. The most important of these conferences was the one that realized in the theater Real Argentine on its ascent to the Ruwenzori and that attended the kings of Italy, the diplomatic corps and the government in full.
He participated in the Italian-Turkish war and in the First World War, during which he led the naval forces of the Adriatic. Abandoned the active service, it was dedicated to the colonization of some zones of Somalia. He related the scientific results and the adventures of his companies in the books The “Polar Star” in the Arctic Ocean, The Ruwenzori and in the sources of the Uebi-Chebe. This was the last text written by F. de Filippi.