Biography of Clements Robert Markham:- After moving his family to Essex, Clements began his studies at Cheam’s private college, from where he moved to London’s Westminster School. When he was only ten years old, he wrote the history of England and with fourteen he joined the British Navy. Thus, between 1844 and 1848 was in Peru, studying the remains of the Inca civilization; from that moment, Peru became the center of the studies of Clements.
Biography of Clements Robert Markham
- Born:- 20 July 1830, Stillingfleet, United Kingdom
- died:- 29 January 1916, London, United Kingdom
- Spouse:- Minna Chichester (m. 1857)
- Education:- Westminster School, Cheam School
- Awards:- Order of Christ, Founder’s Gold Medal
Later it would become part of the British Secret Department, during the Persia war and the Indian uprising; In the year 1850, Markham set out for the waters of the Arctic Ocean accompanied by Captain Erasmus Ommanney; On this voyage through the cold waters of the Arctic, Clements wrote dense memoirs in which he showed his interest in the Eskimo tribes inhabiting the northern high latitudes. He returned in 1853 and soon began to write about his first voyages and the history of Greenland.
After leaving the Navy, he returned to Peru to study and analyze the eastern slopes of the Andes, and after returning to the United Kingdom, he married Minna Chichester in April 1857, with whom he had a son, May.
Between 1858 and 1862, he was assigned to the Tax Bureau of the Ministry of India and, in 1860, would try to introduce the cultivation of the Peruvian quinine in that colonial territory. In 1877 he left his work for the British government in India, not without having previously studied and written extensively on subjects of interest (geographic, economic, botanical and technological) for the development and enhancement of the British Empire.
During this period he would alternate these works with others, mainly based on the study of the Islamic technology and its diffusion in Spain; in this sense, we must highlight his studies on the irrigation systems in the southeast of Spain, always with a view to their possible use in the agricultural development of India.
From 1877 until his death, Markham devoted his life to the study and promotion of research, education and geographical exploration (with special interest in polar areas), largely through the Royal Geographical Society of London, the Who became its president during the years 1893-1905. In 1893, however, he decided to join the search for the remains of the expedition of Sir John Franklin for which he accompanied Robert Falcon Scott in the so-called National Antarctic Expedition, carried out between 1901 and 1904. He also highlighted as a Great biographer: sample of it was his book on Richard III, written in 1906.